Marijuana has historically been the illicit drug with the highest use rates both in Utah, and nationally. While marijuana use rates in Utah are low in comparison to many other states, use rates within the state have been trending upwards steadily over the past several years.
According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), the rate of (past 30 day) marijuana use among Utahns 12 years and older increased from 3.1% in 2009 to 5.4% in 2014. Nationally, use rates increased as well over the same time period, but at a more moderate pace, from 6.8% to 7.4%. A closer look at the Utah data suggests that the increasing trend in marijuana use over the past few years has primarily been driven by adults 18 and older rather than by youth ages 12-17 (see Figure 1). Use rates for youth have remained steady since 2012, while rates among both the 18-25 and 26+ age groups have continued to climb at a steady pace. Consistent with the youth marijuana trends observed in the NSDUH, data from the Utah Student Risk and Prevention (SHARP) also suggest that youth marijuana use may be leveling off after a prolonged upward trend. Source: Marijuana Use in Utah
What is Marijuana?
Marijuana makes up the leaves, flowers, and extract of the plant Cannabis Sativa; it closely relates to the species commonly called hemp. The plant is one of the most frequently abused and illicit drugs in society and is debated over the legality and impact of use in people. Many states have legalized the use of medical marijuana, with some states legalizing it for recreational use as well.
Statistics on Marijuana Abuse
The National Institute on Drug abuse reports the following statistics:
- Compulsive behavior or addiction can develop after long-term abuse.
- Approximately 9 percent of those who commonly use or abuse marijuana becomes addicted.
- This number increases among youth to 17 percent, and daily teen abusers have a 20-25 percent chance of becoming addicted.
- Recent studies state that daily use of the drug has quadrupled in the United States in the past decade. (NIDA Infofacts on marijuana)
Some facts on marijuana include:
- Marijuana is the most widely abused substance classified as an illicit drug in which the standard form of use is by smoking the dried and blended parts of the Cannabis plant.
- To enhance the flavor or lessen the effects, it can be blended into foods or brewed as a tea. Smoking pot enables the person to achieve a quick effect by being absorbed through the soft tissue of the lungs.
- Derivatives now include “synthetic” marijuana, which causes additional problems with addiction, psychosis, and withdrawal.
- Long term THC affects the brain, damaging the Hippocampus region. Responsible for functions of learning and memory, this region of the brain is greatly affected by pot use. Other areas of the brain affected by marijuana use include reasoning and reaction functions, and motor functions.
- Reports have stated that these results are not consistent with providing proper data, even though many of these studies have shown apparent alterations to the brain. Several distortions of a pot or weed Intoxication include perception and impair coordination, learning, and memory. As long as THC stays in the brain system, these effects can last for days and weeks.
The chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), when smoked, transfers from the lungs into the bloodstream and distributed throughout the body. When the brain encounters THC, it attaches itself to the neurotransmitters of the brain that brings a feeling of euphoria. Blood flow and heart rate increases, and the blood vessels of the eyes expand to give the appearance of red eyes.
Marijuana use comes with side effects, such as hunger and thirst, the “munchies,” dry mouth, and confusion. Street names for the drug include pot, grass, weed, refer, herb, hashish, hash, and mary jane.
Marijuana Abuse Signs & Symptoms
Here are the signs and symptoms of marijuana use:
- Impaired memory
- Slowed reflexes and impaired motor skills
- Altered sense of time
- Bloodshot eyes
- Increased appetite
- Cognitive impairments
When someone comes off marijuana, they can encounter some symptoms of withdrawal, such as irritability, sleeplessness, intensified cravings, appetite decrease, and increased anxiety.
These symptoms are less than other illicit drugs and don’t include bodily effects, so it’s typically easier to withdrawal from.
Development of Addiction
Although proponents of legalizing marijuana question the addictiveness of it, according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), 30 percent of marijuana users may have some form of marijuana use disorder/dependence. People who use pot before age eighteen are four to seven times more likely to develop a disorder than adults. In 2015, around 4 million people in the U.S. met the diagnostic criteria for dependency; 138,000 sought treatment voluntarily for marijuana use.
Long-Term Effects of Marijuana Abuse
The following long-term effects of using marijuana include:
- The Heart – Marijuana use increased heart rates upwards of 20-100 percent, with users having around a 5 percent higher risk of heart attacks.
- The Lungs – Pot smokers can develop the same lung problems as tobacco smokers, such as increased risks of infections, chronic coughing, more frequent lung illness, and phlegm.
- The Brain – With chronic use, marijuana users have alterations in the brain, including a higher risk of developing mental health disorders like anxiety and depression, and schizophrenia.
With time, effort, and commitment, marijuana users can recover from their addiction. A comprehensive program with a caring staff and a holistic approach yields successful results.
Marijuana Addiction Treatment in Utah
For the best marijuana addiction treatment center in Utah, enroll at Ardu Recovery Center in Provo, Utah. We have years of experience treating addiction from multiple angles. Our marijuana addiction treatment program can be modified to meet your unique recovery needs in order to produce real and lasting results.
A few more programs and therapies we offer include:
- On-site detox programs
- Residential treatment center
- Dual diagnosis treatment
- Therapy – individual and group sessions
- Drug and alcohol rehab
- Cognitive and dialectical behavioral therapy
- Outpatient treatment monitored by our on-site physician
Don’t let a trivial thing like marijuana addiction destroy the quality of your life. Rehab can help you regain control over your actions and put you on the path to true recovery.
Marijuana Addiction Rehab Center in Utah
Don’t put off finding a marijuana addiction treatment center in Utah. You can start working towards recovery in a safe and therapeutic environment, away from the temptations of the real world. We want to invite you to learn more about Ardu Recovery Center Provo, Utah. Contact Ardu Recovery Center today at 801-810-1234 for more information about how our marijuana addiction treatment program can change your life.